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The Point of View in Storytelling

When you read any story, you will note that there is someone telling the story. One or more fictional voices are involved in every work of writing. Voice and point of view shape the frame through which the reader experiences the story. When a narrator relates the story, then he is telling the story from his own point of view. The novel is told in this particular perspective.

There are four main point of view. The first is the all-knowing or omniscient narrator. This point of view is when the narrator can assume that he knows everything the character knows and things that they do not know as well. He can enter into the character’s mind and analyze their thoughts and emotions. Here the narrator has unlimited perspective. You can also call this third-person perspective or third-person point of view.

The pronouns used in third-person point of view are the pronouns he and she. In third-person point of view, the narrators is not included in the character list of the story and he does not participate in the events he is telling. The story concerns a third person and the narrator is simply a spectator of what happened to other people. Third person point of view can be limited to one or two characters or multiple characters in the story which is decided by the author.

The first person point of view can be identified if the narrator uses the word I or we when he tells the story. For first person point of view, the narrator is one of the characters is the story and for readers, they will know what this character knows, and only that. The story is seen through the eyes of only one person although the first person narrator may not be the main character. Some writings uses first person narrative in a story within a story.
When the author of the story uses limited omniscient point of view, the story is told using third person narration but it also follows one or two characters closely when it comes to their emotions, thoughts, and backstory. Limited omniscient point of view combines both first person and omniscient. The knowledge available to the narrator distinguishes it as omniscient or limited omniscient.

When the writer does not enter into any character’s mind then is uses an objective point of view. This is mostly used by play writers and not fiction writes.

These four types of points of view are used by writers to make their narrative more interesting and which gives the readers a better experience of the story being told.

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